BA in Oriental StudiesBA Courses in Turkic Studies
Introduction to Turkic Studies (b)
This course focuses on the major characteristics of the Turkic languages and their internal classification, the main differences between the main branches, theories concerning genetic relations with other languages, the diffusion of the Turkic peoples, especially in the pre-Islamic period, and Turkic literary languages and literatures in the Middle Ages. In addition, topics central to contemporary Turcological research can be covered.
Linguistic Theory (c)
Background and scope of modern linguistics; behaviorist versus rationalist theories of language; universal and cognitive aspects of language structure; interplay of genetic and social factors in language formation; linguistic analysis.
History of Turkic Languages and Dialects   (b)
The course gives an introduction to theory of knowledge and linguistics. Turkic languages have a literary history which dates back 1,100 years, yet modern, standard Turkish is a creation of the Turkish revolutionary independence movement of the first half of the twentieth century. It is now the premier Turkic language and is spoken by over 45 million people in Europe and Asia.
Turkic-speaking Areas(b)
A history of the Turkic peoples living in the Caucasus and Central Asia with an emphasis on their cultural, political and social conditions. Contemporary developments in the Turkic world will be discussed from a historical perspective.
Theoretical Grammar of Turkish (b)
In this course, further Turkish morpho-syntax will be introduced. New grammar topics include but are not limited to the future, the reported past, the aorist, the abilitative, the epistemic copula, the aorist, nominalizations, and converbs to express adverbial subordination. By the end of the course, students will have learned to accurately use the future, the reported past, the aorist as well as some combinations of these from the perspective of the past, present and future. In addition to these tense and aspect markers, some basic modals, nominalizations and converbs will also be introduced.     
Theoretical Grammar of Azerbaijani Turkish (b)
This curriculum analyzes the modern Azerbaijani grammatical system. During this course phonetics, morphology, syntax  and lexical system of Modern Azerbaijani Turkish will be studied.
Introduction to Literary Studies (c)
This course offers an introduction to a selection of topics, themes, and concepts central to contemporary scholarly debates on literatures, such as: the figures of the literary author, narrator, and character; how literary texts interact with the histories and contexts of the larger world; how narratives and texts open and close, begin and end; the relevance of power, ideology, sexual difference, and colonialism. Those and other areas of interest are first introduced and explained, then made relevant and further elaborated in close interaction with a selection of literary texts.
History of Turkic Literature (b)     
The course is a first introduction into the literature of Turkic speaking peoples. The main traits of Turkic literary history are outlined. Texts from different periods are studied, such as, the Orkhon inscriptions, the Buddhist texts of the Old Uyghurs, the first Islamic literatures of the Karakhanids. Examples of Chaghatay literary genres are given. Examples of Old Anatolian mystical Islamic poems are discussed. Special interest is paid to the development of modern Turkish literature.     
Basics of Comparative Religion (ce)
This course provides an introduction to the academic and comparative study of the world’s religious traditions. We will take a thematic approach to the beliefs, practices, institutions, and cultural expressions of a number of world religions through required readings, online discussions, exercises, and essays, and a religious site visit. Major course themes include sacred power, sacred story, ritual, sacred space and time, religious experience, religious ethics and morality, and the relationship between religion, politics, and social conflicts across and between religious traditions. Students will gain an understanding of the nature of religion in an academic sense, as well as its meaning for believers and practitioners.
Introduction to Theory and History of Oriental Religions (c)
An introduction to the great religious traditions of the Orient, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Shintoism, and some modern religious movements originating in the East. Emphasis will be on these religions as living cultural, political, and philosophical institutions and systems that help shape our world. Each religion will be studied with regard to such issues as the human attempt to understand the cosmos and shape social life, together with the need for mutual understanding and toleration.
Islamic Studies (Alevism) (b)
The Islamic Studies syllabus enables learners to gain a better understanding of the religious writings, history and current affairs of Islam. As a result, they are able to think and argue intelligently about the subject. The course is broad, and ranges from the beginnings of Islam and its evolution, content and role of the Holy Qur'an, to the beliefs and practices of Islam and the bases of Islamic Law. Learners develop knowledge about the dynasties and religious thought of early Islam, the variety in Islamic beliefs and the role played by Islam in the world today.
Political Islam (c)
Taking a historical approach, the course will trace the key events that have led to current Political Islam (Islamism) concentrating on the ideology and practice of various movements and groups.  It will explore contemporary constructs of identity and political arrangements within Islamism and encourage critical analysis and independent thought in relation to the challenges Islam poses to existing theoretical paradigms.  Areas to be explored will include: the political construct of early Islam, the Sunni/Shia divide, key ideologues, and contemporary movements such as the Muslim Brothers, Hamas and Hizbullah.
Physical Anthropology  of Turkic-speaking Peoples (b)
This course is an interdisciplinary introduction to the genetic origins of the Turkic peoples. Whether they are significantly genetically related to the originating Turks of Central Asia or whether they are instead derived from indigenous populations of Anatolia which were culturally assimilated during the Middle Ages. What, if any, genetic relationships exist between them and the various other modern groups of Turkic peoples, etc.    
Ethnography of Turkic Peoples (b)
This course analyzes common values of Turkic peoples pronounced in their ethnographic traditions. As they have the same or similar names of tribes in their genealogies, they still keep knowledge up to seven generations and show respect to their mother’s relatives and other traditions and this explains their similarity.
History of Turkey (Ottoman and Republican Periods) (b)
This course provides students with a critical understanding of the connections between Central Asian, Ottoman and Modern Turkish history, politics and culture; and with the historical background and intellectual tools necessary to comprehend the complexities of state/nation formation and the dynamics of change and continuity in Turkish history, politics and culture.
Political System of Modern Turkey (e)
This course aims to provide a systematic historical review of classic and contemporary literature on the Turkish political institutions and processes from the Ottoman period to the present. Special attention will be paid to public policy making processes, forms of political participation, organisation and structure of different levels of government institutions and mass movements. The primary objective of the course is to enable the students to understand and analyze the complexities and developments of political life, institutions and processes, as well as the socio-economic factors that influence the political system in Turkey. An equally significant aim of the course is to provide the students with the theoretical background and analytical tools to render their own political analyses of the Turkish political system, in the context of the field of comparative politics and of the political science discipline.
Regional Conflicts (e)
The course surveys the national security challenges facing the region’s primary players (Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, Israel, the Palestinians and Turkey, Jordan) and how the revolutions of the past year will affect them. The course concentrates on the regional players’ perceptions of the threats and opportunities they face and on the strategies they have adopted to deal with them. It thus provides an essential vantage point for all those interested in gaining a deeper understanding of a region, which stands at the center of many of the foreign policy issues of our era. The course is designed for those with a general interest in the Middle East, especially those interested in national security issues, students of comparative politics and future practitioners, with an interest in "real world" international relations and national security.
Ethnic Minorities in the Ottoman Empire and in the Republic of Turkey (b)
To this day, the status and recognition of minorities form the most delicate issue in Turkish domestic politics. While today’s struggles mostly are about the rights of Kurds and Alevis, the sensitivity of the issue needs to be understood against the history of (mostly non-Muslim) minorities in late Ottoman and early republican times, which is a history of state-inflicted violence and dispossession. In this course, we will look into the political, social, and economic factors that encouraged the emergence of nationalism and inter-communal violence in the Ottoman Empire. Reading recent research literature on specific communities, we will try to understand how their relationship towards both the state and their Muslim neighbors changed in the 19th century. In the second half of the course, we will deal with the 20th century history of Armenians, Greeks, Jews, and Kurds in Turkey.
History of Armenian Communities in Ottoman Empire (b)
The course will focus on issues of identity-making and violence in the Ottoman East, with a special focus on Armenian communities and on neighboring communities, particularly Kurdish societal dynamics in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. 
History of Armenian Genocide (e)
This course examines the deportation and murder of approximately one million Armenian Christians by the government and armed forces of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. It will consider the long and short term causes and contexts of these events, and aspects of their legacy up to the present day, particularly the phenomenon of the ongoing denial of the genocide by successive Turkish governments.
Culturology (ce)
The Culturology course of study focuses on the concepts and theories dealing with the essence of culture, the principles and rules describing how culture systems emerges, changes and functions. The course objectives are to gain in-depth knowledge of the notions, methods and results in the realm of the theory of culture achieved in philosophy, sociology, ethnography, social and cultural anthropology and semiotics; to deepen the knowledge about culture theories; to improve the students' skills to present complicated conceptions.
History of Oriental Art (c)
An introductory course in the history of oriental art can have a tremendous impact on students. Even if you have never had another art history course, this will serve as an introduction and guide to a world of visual and intellectual richness that is accessible to you when you give it an earnest effort. Art history is a discipline which demands equal parts of art and science, creativity and organization. 
Introduction to Logic (c)
In this course you will learn the difference between an argument and an explanation, the difference between deduction and induction, and the differences among truth, validity, and soundness in argumentation. You will learn some of the very effective methods of analysis and criticism.                      
Introduction to Law (ce)
Introduction to Law introduces students to legal concepts, principles and procedures. The course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the structure of legal system including the role of the judicial, legislative, and executive branches; the philosophical underpinnings of law; the history of law; the role of attorneys, law enforcement and other legal professionals; categories of law; litigation principles; and alternative dispute resolution. The course involves substantial reading and writing. Students also participate in trial simulations, debates, and have opportunities to work with legal professionals.  
Politology (ce)
A general introduction to the domestic politics of countries in the various regions of the world, with an emphasis on the concepts used to understand why political issues and processes differ across developed and developing nations. Students also learn how domestic politics are shaped by super-national institutions and by national integration into a global economy.                                               
Introduction to Economics (ce)
This course provides a non-technical introduction to the basic concepts in economics. Using a small number of fundamental economic concepts, this course provides a foundation for informed decision making regarding current economic debates.
Turkish (b)
The Turkish teaching programme at RAU has three main aims: to provide students with the necessary grammatical knowledge, vocabulary, and experience of the language to become competent in reading, writing and speaking modern Turkish, and also in reading various styles of Ottoman Turkish (15th to 20th centuries); to introduce them to the worlds of modern Turkish and Ottoman Turkish literature; and to familiarize them with the broad outlines of Ottoman and modern Turkish history, and with the processes of cultural change.
Azerbajani Turkish (b)
The course provides an introduction to the most important features of the Latin script, phonology, and morphology of Modern Azerbaijani Turkish as well as certain skills in using
this knowledge. The course provides a first-hand overview of the status of Azerbaijani in the Turkic language family.
Ottoman Turkish (b)
The course aims at introducing the student to the principles of Ottoman Turkish and to the texts written in this language. Ottoman Turkish as a written language was the direct predecessor of modern Turkish spoken today in Turkey and a large geography outside of Turkey that used to form a part of the Ottoman Empire.
The students participating in the course will first learn how to read and write in the old script before starting to work on simple texts. The fundamental principles of Turkish grammar and syntax will be frequently reviewed. The students will also be introduced to the Arabic and Persian elements incorporated into Ottoman Turkish. Another important aspect of this course is to familiarize the students with the use of dictionaries to solve problems encountered in the assigned texts.
Persian (e)
The aim of the course is to provide a thorough introduction to contemporary Persian. By the end of the course, students will have covered basic grammatical constructions and acquired an essential working vocabulary that allows them to communicate within a range of situations in which learners are likely to find themselves. The language is presented together with the cultural context in which it is used so that learners are able to appreciate such things as appropriateness and linguistic etiquette when interaction takes place in the target language.
Arabic (ce)
This course aims to give you a thorough grounding in written and spoken Modern Standard Arabic,   to introduce you to selected texts in both classical and modern Arabic, to introduce you to the literature of that language, to develop in general your skills of description, interpretation, and analysis of literary, historical, religious, and cultural material.
Hindi (ce)
This course introduces Hindi to students with no prior knowledge of the language. Students will develop basic reading, writing, speaking and listening comprehension skills in the Hindi language. Students will learn the Devanagri script and the Hindi sound system through relevant, culturally situated materials. Students will be introduced to basic grammar and everyday vocabulary in Hindi. Equal emphasis will be given to reading, writing, listening and speaking comprehension. Useful phrases and common vocabulary words will be taught to the students against the background cultural information.
English (ce)
Combining Oriental Studies with English Language and Linguistics enables you to engage with the cultural richness of Asia and understand the mechanics and nuances of language. While studying English, you explore the structure of language and its relationship with culture, society, and the mind. A broad choice of theoretical topics encompasses such areas as syntax, phonetics and phonology, morphology, sociolinguistics, language acquisition, semantics, pragmatics, literary stylistics and critical and cultural theory, while modules in language learning and teaching, creative and media writing, and language and media have a more vocational focus.    
French (ce)
French is one of the most beautiful romance languages. Outside of France it is spoken as far afield as Canada, the Seychelles, Madagascar and Mali. It is one of the official languages of the United Nations, and an important language in the EU. Combining Oriental Studies with French enables you to engage with the cultural diversity of Asia alongside a deep understanding of one of Europe’s most romantic and influential countries.
German (ce)
German is one of Europe's most important languages for business and culture. Worldwide, it is the second-most widely used language on the internet (W3Techs 2014). It is also frequently used as a second language in Eastern Europe, serving as a means of communication across international boundaries. Fluency in the German language, combined with knowledge of political and cultural developments in the German-speaking world, opens up career opportunities in many areas of Europe. Combining Oriental Studies with German enables you to engage with the cultural diversity of Asia alongside a deep understanding of one of Europe’s culturally important and influential countries.
Russian (b)
With its magnificent literature, richly expressive language and fascinating history, Russia appeals to a wide variety of interests. The range and flexibility of the RAU course provide opportunities for rewarding study which might include, for example, Tolstoy’s and Dostoevsky’s novels, Pushkin’s poetry, or the latest writing from contemporary Russia; the history of the Russian language and its development up to the present day, etc.
b – basic course
c – common course
e – elective course
ce – common elective course